American History Essays: The Major Battles of the Civil War

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There were numerous causes that led to the Civil War, many of which developing around the fact that the North was becoming more industrialized while the South remained largely agrarian. Some causes of the Civil War include:

- Riot in Baltimore. A clash between pro-South civilians and Union troops in Maryland's largest city resulted in what is commonly accepted to be the first bloodshed of the Civil War. Secessionist sympathy was strong in Baltimore, a border state metropolis. Before his inauguration, rumors in the city of an assassination plot against Abraham Lincoln, who was on his way to Washington, D.C., forced the president-elect to sneak through Baltimore in the middle of the night. Anti-Union sentiments there only increased once the hostilities commenced at Fort Sumter on April 12. A week later, one of the first regiments to respond to Lincoln's call for troops arrived in Baltimore by train, en route to the capital. Because the rail line did not pass through the city, horse drawn cars had to take the Massachusetts infantrymen from one end of Baltimore to the other. An angry crowd of secessionists tried to keep the regiment from reaching Washington, blocking several of the transports, breaking windows, and, finally, forcing the soldiers to get out and march through the streets. The throng followed in close pursuit. What had now become a mob surrounded and jeered the regiment, then started throwing bricks and stones. Panicking, several soldiers fired randomly into the crowd, and mayhem ensued as the regiment scrambled to the railroad station. The police managed to hold the crowd back at the terminal, allowing the infantrymen to board their train and escape, leaving behind much of their equipment as well as their marching band. Four soldiers and twelve civilians were killed, and scores were injured. Maryland officials demanded that no more Federal troops be sent through the state, while Baltimore's mayor and police chief authorized the destruction of key rail bridges to prevent Union troops from entering the city. Secessionist groups, meanwhile, tore down telegraph wires to Washington, temporarily cutting the capital off from the rest of the nation. The North was outraged; editor even called for Baltimore to be burned to the ground. On May 13, Federal troops, including members of the Massachusetts regiment attacked in the previous month's riot, occupied the city and martial law was declared, squelching most subsequent pro-Confederate activities. The police chief, several commissioners, and a number of citizens were arrested for their alleged participation in the riot, and suspected secessionists, including Francis Scott Key's grandson and a number of state legislators, were held without charges. Federal forces continued to maintain an occupying presence in Baltimore for the remainder of the war.

The American civil war was won by the Union army mainly because of the superiority of Numbers they keep as combat ready troops, as well as the appearance of a number of influential people. The losses suffered by both groups were astronomical. Experts put the rough estimates at between 600,000 to 800,000 people. This is the total loss estimated for both groups. Ironically, the number of casualties suffered on this war is greater by far than the casualties suffered in any other war, including the most destructive war that took place – World War II.

Custom Causes of the Civil War essay writing

The Civil War was broken out after the presidential election in 1861, because the southerners can not accept a Republican Party who maintains abolishment of slavery won the election. We can understand the secession of South because the slavery is their key labor force, their business and way of life depended on the slave. If the abolishment of slavery was really effected, that would be a choc for the South. But it is strange why the North did not acquiesce the secession of South. It is value to break out a war just to emancipate the Blackman for the North? In that case, I agree with the analysis in “Causes of the American Civil War”, behind the excuse of slavery, there were deep economical, political, social and ideological differences, the slavery issue and the straggle for the new territories in the west. These conflicts existed more than four decades and ended by the war when Lincoln was elected as a president. The southerners’ interpretation for the Constitution is different from the...

Causes of the Civil War essay ..

The Civil War lasted between 1861 and 1865 and it resulted to more than 618,000 casualties. However, the causes of Civil War can be traced back to tensions that were created early in the history of the nation. Mainly, the war between the sates was caused by social and economic differences between the South and the North, federal rights versus the state, the differences between slave and non-slave state proponents, growth of the abolition movement, and the election of Abraham Lincoln (Calore 2008, 5).

23.03.2015 · The American Civil War History Essay

This essay argues that nationalism flourished during the two wars to a greater extent than historians typically admit, and analyzes its characteristics among Patriots of the 1770 s and Confederates of the 1860 s. Historians of the Civil War might benefit from a closer look at the Revolutionary period, while scholars of the Revolution might learn from debates on the question of Confederate nationalism. By looking at these two instances in which Americans attempted to secede, scholars can better identify the problems inherent in nation building, identity formation, and conceptions of politics, dissent, federalism, and sovereignty. Such a comparison also discourages the evaluation of national identity based on victory or defeat, while reaffirming the importance of protecting interests against outside threats in the formation of that identity. [End Page 5]

states seceded, 15 states in all (World Book, 615). Over the years the Civil War has been the subject of numerous novels, histories, plays, poems, paintings, sculptures, songs, movies, and television programs. Some of the Civil War figures are among the nations most beloved heroes. Abraham Lincoln was among these heroes and was respected throughout the world (World Book, 614). There were three main causes for the America Civil War: slavery, disputes over state?s rights, and the want to modernize in…

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Essay about Civil War Outline - 330 Words

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The american civil war essay – Arterra Bizimodu

In July of 1863 Lee and the Confederate army headed toward Pennsylvania in hopes of invading Harrisburg, the capitol of the state and the home of a large railroad center that went from the Midwest to the east coast. Intercepted by the Army of the Potomac in Gettysburg, the forces of the North and South made this new battle the largest and most important battle of the entire Civil War. The Union forces strategically stayed on high ground a bit South of Gettysburg offering not only an advantage in numbers, but in position as well. Near the end of the battle Lee ordered his army to charge the center of the Union lines at Cemetery Ridge, PA. This move became known as Pickett’s Charge and it claimed nearly half of Lee’s men; the battle was an absolute catastrophe for the Confederates. More than one third of the army of the South was lost and Lee blamed himself; he asked Jefferson Davis to replace him but he refused despite his tactful strategies and successful time in combat in 1846. The battle of Gettysburg is interesting because, like in the battle of Antietam, the Union had at least a slight if not rather sizable advantage over the South… yet Lee and the Confederates were once again allowed to flee back into Virginia. Lincoln, obviously frustrated by now did in fact write General George Gordon Meade (leader of the battle of Gettysburg for the Union) exclaiming that, “Your golden opportunity is gone.” But why didn’t Lincoln make it absolutely clear from the beginning his intentions for the Union to demolish the South as soon as possible? What would have happened if the Union attempted a blockade since the Confederates had to pass the Potomac River and would be slowed down and relatively easy to capture? How would Davis have handled the war in first person combat? The battle of Gettysburg is so significant mainly because of the sheer amount of variables that could have changed the outcome of the war. Its been agreed upon that the Confederates retreat at Gettysburg along with the fall out of Vicksburg began the end of the Civil War. The two possibly most significant parts of this battle included the surrender of Port Hudson (the last Southern hold on the Mississippi River) and Lincolns Gettysburg Address. The famous Gettysburg Address speech was delivered on November 18th by Lincoln and its inspirational tenor helped keep the Army of the Potomac determined for victory; it has since been recognized as the greatest speech ever made by an American politician.