Aside from work and discipline, the various successful schools for minority children have had little in common with one another-- and even less in common with the fashionable educational theories of our times. Some of these schools were public, some were private. Some were secular and some were religious. Dunbar High School had an all-black teaching staffs but St. Augustine in New Orleans began with an all-white teaching staff. Some of these schools were housed in old rundown buildings and others in new, modern facilities. Some of their principals were finely attuned to the social and political nuances, while others were blunt people who could not have cared less about such things and would have failed Public Relations One.
Teachers’ experiences classroom disruption due to many problems of indiscipline behaviours by the students and these can be viewed as;
Favouritism: This can cause indiscipline to teachers when some students are being favoured than other students. Other students may also see favouritism as an offense against them which sometimes result to rebellion.
The rules are not enforced: When a student is not punished for an offense committed, such students are more likely to go on to commit more offense.
Lack of Communication: When rules are not clearly communicated to the students by the classroom teachers.
Teacher-student relationship: For learning to be more effective, teacher and students relationship is an essential part of learning process. In other words, if there is a breakdown in teacher-students relationship, indiscipline emerges.
Lack of leadership: When the teacher fails to perform his role as a leader, the student or students will be glad to take this role and therefore, indiscipline take place.
Lack of motivation: A situation where students are not being motivated, such students tend to work in an indiscipline manner.
Bad habit: When some group of students formed bad habits from previous teaching experiences and such students formed the habit of coming to school late, it will be hard for them to change these behaviours.
In the discussion above, there was brief mention of the ways in which boarding schools and religious institutions differ from day schools and public schools with regards to school discipline and its enforcement. Boarding school discipline takes a very different form with, more often than not, an arbitrary system of rule enforcement and discipline. Since the 19th century, boarding schools in Europe have utilized a "captain" system of discipline which requires that elder students play a very active role in the disciplining of students their junior. In this way, the elders would administer punishments that often constitute the harshest forms of school discipline. The punishments administered for transgressions in this "captain" system can include, even in modern times, forced exercise to the point of exhaustion, sleep deprivation, and even severe abuse. The arbitrary and severe nature of such a system enforces an unquestioning adherence and respect for rules, and an environment of absolute compliance that is often deemed necessary in such institutions. Aside from boarding schools, the U.S. Military Academy, U.S. Naval Academy, Valley Forge Military Academy and the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy all use similar forms of the "captain" system to create the necessary environment of strict discipline and adherence.
Children with high self-discipline also behaved differently in relation to school. In particular, they were less frequently absent, did more hours of homework, spent less time watching television and began their homework earlier in the day compared to children with low self-discipline. Perhaps most interesting of all, these scientists found that self-discipline was more important than IQ in predicting every outcome.
Why Arabs Lose Wars :: Middle East Quarterly
Self-discipline not only seems to be related to academic success, but it also makes a child less likely to have problem behaviors that can interfere with school performance. A group of psychologists tested students' delay of gratification by asking whether they wanted to receive $5 immediately or $7 a week later. Those who waited for the $7 reward not only earned higher grades than their $5 peers, they also were less likely to have had discipline problems in school and had lower rates of substance use. In particular, the kids with a strong delay of gratification used marijuana, , and cigarettes all less frequently than the kids who demonstrated a poor delay of gratification. Interestingly, the researchers also found that the ability to wait for a reward was associated with higher self-esteem. In other words, self-discipline seems to be related to many variables that are key to school success.
De Atkine Middle East Quarterly December 1999
Although here we have been focusing on studies conducted with tweens, self-discipline continues to be important for academic and career success well beyond the tween years. For instance, the findings regarding problem behaviors and grades have also been repeated with high school students.
Recent studies by psychologists have shown that self-discipline is key to . For instance, a study of eighth-graders found that self-discipline was strongly associated with marking period and final GPAs, student achievement test scores and selection into a competitive high school.
Discipline (academia) - Wikipedia
In the conservative mind, the metaphor of moral strength has the highest priority. Though it clusters with other metaphors that we consider shortly, it is the one that matters most. It determines much of conservative thought and language -- as well as social policy. It is behind the view that social programs are immoral and promote evil because they are seen as working against self-discipline and self-reliance. Given the priority of Moral Strength, welfare and affirmative action are immoral because they work against self-reliance. The priority of Moral Strength underlies conservative opposition to providing condoms to high school students and clean needles to drug addicts in the fight against teen pregnancy and AIDS. This are seen as promoting the evil of self-indulgence; the morally strong should be able to "Just say no." The morally weak are evil and deserve what they get. Orphanages are seen as imposing discipline, which serves morality. They may cost more than AFDC payments to mothers, but the issue for conservatives is morality, not just money. Conservative opposition to student aid also follows from this metaphor; morally strong students should be self-reliant and pay for the full cost of their own education. Similarly, the opposition to prenatal care programs to lower infant mortality stems from the view that moral mothers should be able to provide their own prenatal care, and if they can't they should abstain from sex and not have babies.
A multidisciplinary community or project is made up of people from different academic disciplines and professions. These people are engaged in working together as equal stakeholders in addressing a common challenge. A multidisciplinary person is one with degrees from two or more academic disciplines. This one person can take the place of two or more people in a multidisciplinary community. Over time, multidisciplinary work does not typically lead to an increase or a decrease in the number of academic disciplines. One key question is how well the challenge can be decomposed into subparts, and then addressed via the distributed knowledge in the community. The lack of shared vocabulary between people and communication overhead can sometimes be an issue in these communities and projects. If challenges of a particular type need to be repeatedly addressed so that each one can be properly decomposed, a multidisciplinary community can be exceptionally efficient and effective.In North America and Europe, most forms of school discipline revolve around positive reinforcement utilizing praise, marks of merit, and increased opportunities to maintain a flourishing learning environment. When such reinforcement does not successfully maintain school discipline, a variety of punishments are utilized such as detentions, suspensions, and eventually expulsions. In some cases, schools will decide to take a very hard line against any type of infractions against specific rules (especially those in relation to drugs, weapons, trespassing, etc.). This policy of very little tolerance for transgression is called a zero tolerance policy.